Resilience is the process and outcome of successfully adapting to challenging life circumstances, especially through mental, emotional, and behavioral flexibility and adaptation to external and internal demands.
Several factors influence how well people adapt to adversity, including: how people perceive and interact with the world; availability and quality of social resources; specific coping strategies
Resilience won’t make your problems go away, but resilience can give you the ability to see past them, find joy in life, and cope better with stress. If you are not as resilient as you would like to be, you can develop and learn skills to become more resilient.
However, there are also different types of resilience, each of which can affect a person’s ability to cope with different forms of stress.
Physical resilience refers to how the body responds to changes and recovers from physical stress, illness, and injury. This affects how people age and how they respond to and recover from physical stress and medical problems, and this is something that people can improve—to some degree—by making healthy lifestyle choices.
Mental resilience means a person’s ability to adapt to change and uncertainty. People with this type of resilience are flexible and calm in times of crisis. They use mental strength to solve problems, move forward, and remain hopeful even when faced with setbacks.
Emotional resilience involves the ability to regulate emotions during times of stress. Resilient people are aware of their emotional reactions and strive to be in touch with their inner life.
This type of resilience also helps people stay optimistic during difficult times. Because they are emotionally stable, they understand that unhappiness and difficult emotions will not last forever.
Social resilience, which can also be called community resilience, involves the ability of groups to overcome difficult situations. It involves people communicating with others and working together to solve problems that affect people both individually and collectively.