Emotional intelligence is seen as understanding the emotional state of people and oneself. Interpersonal relationships, in turn, are considered as the relationship between people, manifested in communication. A high level of skills and abilities in the emotional-volitional sphere, in this case, emotional intelligence affects interpersonal relationships. This is manifested in empathy, emotional restraint, balance, communicative activity, and emotional stability. Relationships in the group directly depend on the emotions that a person is experiencing at the moment, and on the understanding of the emotions of other people by the person.
Personality is formed in interaction with others.
Emotional intelligence, as the ability to understand one’s own emotions and the emotions of others, plays an important role in the development of marital relationships. A high level of emotional intelligence allows spouses to interact more effectively on an emotional level, avoid many conflicts, and therefore provide them with a higher level of marital satisfaction.
Marital relations are considered in psychology within the framework of family relations. Of course, the relationship between spouses determines all components of the family as a system, influencing the quality of family relations. The functioning of the family depends on each family member, who has their own unique life experience, a set of personal characteristics, and life position.
According to Schneider L.B., satisfaction with marital relations consists of satisfaction of needs, among which are:
– satisfaction with the sexual needs of one or both spouses;
– satisfaction of the need for mutual assistance, the need for cooperation associated with the division of responsibilities in the family;
– satisfaction of the need for positive emotions;
– satisfaction of the “need for the value and significance of one’s “I” (recognition of self-esteem on the part of the partner, his respectful attitude);
– financial consent of the spouses (issues of the mutual budget, the maintenance of the family, the contribution of each partner to its material support);
– various needs for recreation and leisure.
One of the important characteristics of marital relations is the potential ability of spouses to adapt to the changes taking place in their family life.
The development of emotional relationships in a couple goes through 5 stages.
Stage of deep love, and passion. Partners are completely under the influence of a positive attitude towards each other (“hero”). All attention during the day is occupied by the spouse, the surrounding reality is painted in iridescent tones, and the loved one does not leave the consciousness of the second half for a minute.
Stage of a little detachment. The image of a partner is no longer kept in the head throughout the day. During the absence of a spouse, consciousness even forgets about him, but as soon as a loved one appears, a powerful surge of positive emotions, tenderness, and love comes.
In the third stage, partners cool off even more towards each other. Now, during the absence of a loved one, the second “half” is overcome by unpleasant thoughts, and the spouse (a) feels psychological discomfort and feels bad. Tenderness and warmth no longer arise with the appearance of a partner, because consciousness needs some kind of stimulus, proof of love. At this stage, a man and a woman expect affection, tender words, gifts, and other manifestations of love from each other. This is the stage of habituation.
The fourth period of relationship development occurs if the intensity of communication is not reduced. Now the presence of the spouse begins to annoy. His appearance, habits, manner of speaking, etc. are perceived as faults. Everything can become a reason for conflict, or disagreement. Partners fall under the “criminal” setting.
Any action of the spouse is perceived from a hostile position. An accidental oversight is regarded as a deliberate atrocity. Balance is restored only when the partner is not in sight.
The fifth stage is the most dangerous for relationships. Spouses are completely under the influence of negative attitudes. They seem to instantly forget all the good things that happened between them. Pleasant little things, affectionate words, deeds – all this loses its power. But everything negative grows to a gigantic size, forming an endless chain of negative moments. Joint life loses all meaning, and relationships are built on a negative. To successfully go through all the stages of a couple’s development, develop and apply emotional intelligence.
Emotional intelligence is the maker of the self-actualization of a special friendship. Self-actualizing individuals have deeper interpersonal relationships than most other adults. They are ready to show more love, understanding and participation They are characterized by the ability to rejoice in the success of a partner, contribute to the development of his personality, interest in the personal growth of a partner, genuine respect for his uniqueness. Based on this, it can be assumed that satisfaction with marital relations among self-actualizing spouses will be higher than among spouses with a low level of self-actualization of the personality.
Injection of emotional intellect into the friends of the relationship is possible for the minds of the intoxicated friends. A high display of emotional intelligence allows you to make friends more effectively on an emotional level, unify rich conflicts, and also, to secure a greater level of satisfaction with your partner. Friendships in their development go through the phases of adaptation, transformation, and stabilization. The high level of emotional intelligence allows me to make friends more effectively and productively survive conflict situations that are blamed, family crises, as well as other problems. Deep mutual understanding can be seen as a show of successful friendships.